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بررسی مکانیسم‌های تأثیر ساختار نابرابر توزیع درامد بر توسعه اقتصادی: یک مطالعه طولی- ملی (1990-2014)
علی سالار, حسین اکبری, غلامرضا صدیق اورعی

چکیده

این مطالعه در صدد بررسی مکانیسم های تاثیر گذاری ساختار نابرابر توزیع درامد بر توسعه صنعتی جوامع است. این مطالعه با روش تطبیقی-طولی انجام شده است که در آن از داده های 189 کشور جهان در بازه زمانی 1990-2014  ( دوره 25 ساله) استفاده شده است. با توجه به ساختار پانلی داده ها، تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از روش معادلات برآوردگر تعمیم یافته انجام شده است. نتایج نشان می دهد که نابرابری درآمدی از طریق ایجاد بی ثباتی اجتماعی اثر کاهنده بر توسعه صنعتی جوامع ایفا می کند. همچنین، نابرابرای درآمدی از کانال کاهش سرمایه گذاری در تحصیل و در نتیجه کاهش سطح سرمایه انسانی، تاثیر معکوس بر توسعه صنعتی دارد. بر اساس مکانیسم اقتصاد سیاسی بازتوزیع، نابرابری درآمدی سبب بازتوزیع درامدها از طریق سیاستگذاری های مالیاتی می شود و ازین طریق، بر توسعه صنعتی جوامع تاثیر گذارند. یافته ها همچنین نشان داد که نابرابری درآمدی، بطور مستقیم رابطه با توسعه صنعتی جوامع ندارد و صرفا از کانال مکانیسم های فوق است که بر توسعه صنعتی اثرگذار می باشد.

واژگان کلیدی
نابرابری درآمدی، توسعه صنعتی،سرمایه انسانی، پس‌انداز، بی ثباتی

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