بازنمایی بحران در خانواده در نقاشی‌های کودکان 7-12 ساله

نوع مقاله : علمی -پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه الزهرا

چکیده

دسترسی به حوزه خصوصی خانواده ایرانی برای انپژوهشگر امکان­پذیر نیست تا از رخدادهای درون نظام خانواده، ازجمله موضوع مورد‌بررسی این پژوهش - اختلافات و تعارضات میان اعضای خانواده - مطلع شوند؛ به همین علت برای شناخت اختلاف‌ها و تعارض‌های خانوادگی به سراغ کودکان رفته و از روش نقاشی به همراه گفت‌و‌گو بهره گرفته شد. درنهایت 30 نقاشی از کودکان 7 تا 12 سال گردآوری شد که تحلیل نقاشی­ها و گفت‌و­گوهای نبین پژوهشگر و کودک نشان داد که تصور و درک کودک از کشمکش شامل مقوله­هایی عدم‌مقبولیت کشمکش نزد کودک، تکرارکشمکش، غیرعادی‌بودن کشمکش، نبود روزنه­های امید برای آشتی، گستردگی و وسعت کشمکش می­شود؛ همچنین مصرف‌گرایی، ولخرجی مادر، نحوه گذراندن اوقات فراغت، مهمانی‌گرفتن، مساحت کم منزل، بدقولی مرد، نگرش متفاوت در مدیریت پول، پخت غذای تکراری، اعتیاد پدر و تعارض ارزشی در مدیرت بدن به‌عنوان علل بروز کشمکش از سوی کودکان مطرح شدند. از منظر کودکان کشمکش والدین بی‌نتیجه است و صرفاً برون­دادهای منفی در پی دارد. راهبردهایی که کودکان در برابر کشمکش­ها اتخاذ می­کنند غالباً انفعالی است و واکنش­هایی چون گریه­کردن، بیرون‌رفتن از خانه، گوشه­گیری، انزوا یا کناره­گیری اجتماعی، اضطراب و ناراحتی، ترس، تداوم ناراحتی، خیال­بافی و غیره را دربرمی­گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Representation of the crisis in the family in the drawings of children aged 7-12

نویسندگان [English]

  • khadijeh safiri
  • atiyeh asadpoor
Alzahra University
چکیده [English]

Access to the private sphere of the Iranian family is not possible for an investigator to be informed about events within the family system, including the subject of this study, the disagreements and conflicts among family members; therefore, they have gone to children to find out the differences and family conflicts. The painting method was used in conjunction with the dialogue. Finally, 30 paintings from 7 to 12 years old children were compiled. Analysis of the paintings and interviews between the researcher and the child showed that the child's perception of the conflict included categories of childhood conflict inappropriateness, recurrence of conflict, uncontrolled conflict, Hope for reconciliation, breadth and breadth; also consumerism, mother tongue, leisure time, partying, low home area, male vagabond, different attitudes toward money management, repeat cooking, father addiction and value conflict in management The body was introduced as a cause of conflict among children. From the perspective of children, parental conflicts are inconspicuous and only result in negative outcomes. The strategies children adopt against conflicts are often passive and responses such as crying, going home, confinement, isolation or social abandonment, anxiety and discomfort, fear, persistence of discomfort, imagination Weaving and so on.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • family- crisis- child- painting
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