عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this research is to analyze the sociological explanation of the relationship between the tendency towards democratic approaches and social capital in Iran from the point of view of the people. In this research, a multistage cluster sampling method was used based on Tehran's neighborhoods. Using the Cochran sampling formula, a sample size of 604 was selected. The respodents were Tehranian citizens over 20 years of age. A questionnaire was administered to the statistical sample and the data was analyzed using SPSS software and Pearson correlation test. The analysis revealed that at a confidence level of 0.99%, there is a significant correlation between the tendency of individuals towards equal socio-political opportunities (0.53), tendency towards socio-political liberties (0.55), tendency towards secularism (0.52), and social capital variables. The results of the regression analysis showed that among three independent variables, the tendency toward secularism has the most significant effect on the dependent variable. These three variables have predicted 37.3 percent of the total change in the rate of decline in social capital among Tehran citizens, and other factors influence 62.7 percent of these changes.